Speaking of non-standard participle use, here are three I think are probably disappearing:
- Run – being replaced by “ran,” as in “I had ran”
- Swum – being replaced by “swam,” as in “I had swam”
- Become – being replaced by “became,” as in “I had became”
I say this because I’ve had 18-year old students to whom “I had ran,” “I had swam,” and “I had became” sound correct. They miss run-swum-become questions on ACT English.
You can see what they’re doing. They’re “regularizing” the participle, which I think may be the way languages normally evolve (though I don’t know).
With regular verbs, the past tense and the past participle are the same.
Run, swim, and become are different:
My students’ mistake, which I predict won’t be a mistake not too long from now, is to apply the “past tense = past participle” rule to run, swim, and become:
The politician I mentioned was doing the same thing:
That politician is quite a bit younger than a lot of his colleagues, by the way.
7 thoughts on “Participles that may be on their way out”
We had a song to learn the principal parts for “to go” —
(infinitive, present, past, present participle, past participle)
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Teri – you have to start writing posts for us !
(Will you ?)
Oh! Hmm. Now that’s an interesting thought.
I do spend a lot of time steeped in language, between having taught all those grammar/diagramming classes, then a few years of beginning Latin.
Though I’m not entirely sure what interesting things I have to say. Heh.
I just heard “had did” on the radio this morning.
I just encountered an example of the opposite–the intrusion of a participle form into the sphere of simple past tense: “I seen”! (Attributed to Appalachian English–though this dialect also has “had went”).